At SMC Speech Pathology based in Moonee Ponds, Melbourne, we pride ourselves on providing a quality service. Our aim is to improve the quality of life for all children who require support be it for a simple lisp or for a more severe disability. We strive to provide evidence based practice and care above and beyond what is necessary or expected. We are approachable and always willing to listen to parents/guardians, as your thoughts, feelings and expertise as a parent are always welcome.
Down Syndrome occurs at conception, across all ethnic and social groups and to parents of all ages. There is no cure and it does not go away. Down Syndrome is usually recognised at birth and is confirmed by a blood test. It was named after Dr John Langdon Down who first described it.
Down Syndrome is the most common chromosome disorder . One in every 700-900 babies born worldwide will have Down syndrome. This number has not changed significantly since statistics on the disorder have been collected.
People with Down Syndrome have:
In children with Down Syndrome there is a higher prevalence for the following: (these are relatively easy to diagnose and treat)
Down syndrome is a specific chromosomal disorder resulting from the presence of an extra chromosome. Chromosomes contain genetic information people need to grow and develop. Each chromosome is made up of DNA, which contains encoded genetic instructions (genes) for the development of all the structures and functions in the body. Every chromosome contains thousands of genes. Each cell in the human body usually contains 46 chromosomes arranged in 23 pairs, which are labelled 1-23. In people with Down Syndrome, an extra copy of chromosome 21 is present.